Arunachal Pradesh is known as the Orchid State of India. The state is located in northeast India and it holds the most north-eastern position among the states in the north-east region of India. Arunachal Pradesh is endowed with diverse forests and magnificent wildlife and considered as the biodiversity hotspot. Arunachal Pradesh is considered to be the nature's treasure trove and home to orchids, known for their exquisitely beautiful blooms. Nature has provided the people with a deep sense of beauty which finds delightful expression in their songs, dances and crafts.
The visitor has a wide variety of options to pick from. There are places of worship and pilgrimage like Parasuramkund , old Tawang Monastery, or the sites of archeological excavations like Malinithan and Itanagar, the serene beauty of lakes such as Ganga lake or Sela lake or the numerous variations of scenic beauty of the snowclad silver mountain peaks and lush green meadows where thousands of species of flora and fauna prosper. In addition, the state provides abundant scope for angling, boating, rafting, trekking and hiking. Besides, there are a number of wild life sanctuaries and national parks where rare animals, birds and plants will fascinate the visitor. Tezpur–Tipi–Bomdila-Tawang-se la pass, Tinsukia–Tezu-Parasuramkund, Margherita–Miao-Namdapha, Itanagar–Ziro-Daporijo–Along (or Aalo)-pandighat and Aalo – Yomcha are some of te routes for travel or trekking . Over the years, the Jawaharlal Nehru Museum, Itanagar has become an important tourist Destinations in the state capital. The Golden Pagoda Monastery at Namsai is another tourist attraction.
The widely scattered archeological remains at different places in Arunachal bears testimony to its rich cultural heritage. It is the land to relax in its picturesque hills and valleys, enjoy its salubrious climate and meet its simple and hospitable people, with their glorious heritage of arts and crafts and colourful festivals that reflect their ancient faith in the inexorable power of nature.
The state, on account of its unrivalled aesthetics and diverse cultural heritage offering tourist attractions include Tawang , Ziro, Yomcha ,the Namdapha tiger project in Changlang district and Sela lake near Bomdila with its bamboo bridges overhanging the river. Religious places of interest include Malinithan in Lekhabali, Rukhmininagar near Roing, and Parshuram Kund in Lohit district,The Ganga lake and others.
The state is rich in wildlife and has a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks with rare animals, birds and plants.
Arunachal Pradesh mostly mountainous with the Himalayan ranges running north south. These divide the state into five river valleys: the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. All these are fed by snow from the Himalayas and countless rivers and rivulets. The mightiest of these rivers is Siang, which becomes the Brahmaputra in the plains of Assam.
The climate of Arunachal Pradesh varies with elevation. It becomes progressively cold as one moves northwards to higher altitudes. Trees of great size, abundance of cane and bamboo make Arunachal evergreen with its mountain slopes and hills are covered with alpine, temperate, and subtropical forests forest.
Parasuram kund is located 13 miles north-east of Tezu,District Headquaters of Lohit district - a growing town, famous for its scenic beauty. Thousand of pilgrims visit this place from all parts of India every year during Parasuram mela held in the month of January.
Bhismaknagar is located in Dibang Valley district and is a sacred heritage of the Idu Mishmis. Bhismaknagar stands for what is best in the tribal and Aryans way of life. It speaks for the Catholic spirit of the ancient Indians and the contribution made by the Idus to the synthetic fabric of Indian culture.
Malinithan is a temple site in ruins. It is situated at the foot of the Siang hills under the Likabali Sub-Division of West Siang District.
Akashi Ganga is very popular as a sacred place. There is a temple near the road. From there one has to go down 100 meters down through a spiral path, where a sparkling object can be seen in the 'Kund' but on going more down the object is invisible. Devotees take bath in this kund. The place also provides a magnificent bird's eye view of the Brahmaputra river glimmering far below.
Located in the Changlang district, Namdapha is famous for its wild life sanctury, which has been declared as a national park.
Itanagar has been the capital of Arunachal Pradesh ,can be called as mini India, as people from all over the country, live here in harmony. As a capital town, Itanagar is well connected with the rest of the country by road and air communications. Here one can find historical fort called Itafort, dating back to the 14-15 centuries, after which it is named. The capital houses the Rajbhawan, the official residence of the Governor has also many worth visiting places in and around Itanagar. Interior of Budhist Gompa at Itanagar is a beautiful yellow roofed shrine reflects the extensive Tibetan influence and provides good views of Itanagar and the surrounding countryside. Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum provides a kaleidoscope of Arunachal Pradesh and one can see wood carvings, musical instruments, textiles, handicrafts and archeological finds, while a workshop in the Handicrafts Centre specializes in traditional cane manufacture. It has a library section also. Interior of Budhist Gompa at Itanagar reflects the extensive Tibetan influence and provides good views of Itanagar and the surrounding countryside.
Bomdila is a beautiful small town situated at a height of about 8000 ft. above the sea level from where one can see the brilliant landscape and snow-clad mountains of the Himalayan Range. It has a lot of attractions for the tourists with its cool climate, Apple orchards, artistic people, snow-capped Himalayan peaks and Buddhist Gompas.
Adventure Tourism:There exists enormous scope for many types of adventures in Arunachal. To start with, Bomdila- Tawang area could be the first choice. The most interesting as well as challenging trek in this region is around Tawang .
Orchid Glass House is located at Tipi in West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh, about 65 km away from Tezpur towards Bomdila It is situated on the west bank of Kameng rive surrounded by high hills covered with semi ever green tropical rain forest vegetation. The house accommodates about 1000 exotic orchids displayed in pots, hanging baskets etc.
A great pit stop enroute to Tawang would be the Jaswantgarh war memorial located at Nuranang, about 25 kms from Tawang. This war memorial, set in scenic terrain just below the Sela pass commemorates the bravery of the martyred Indian soldiers of the 1962 Indo-China war.
Exploring Arunachal's magnificent landscape and coastline tops the list for many. Be it adventure or be it relaxing holiday , Arunachal Pradesh is an automatic choice.